Organizations and institutions that supported the delivery of nutrition programs at all levels were impacted by the COVID-19 epidemic, which stunned the entire world. To provide a unified voice on nutrition monitoring in the ongoing context of COVID-19 and to promptly address the needs of the nutrition community, the Agile Core Team for Nutrition Monitoring (ACT-NM) group, a collaboration between UNICEF, USAID, WHO, and USAID Advancing Nutrition, was established in June 2020.
The comprehensive analytical framework created by ACT-NM includes the six maternal, infant, and young child nutrition targets endorsed by the World Health Organization (WHA), the outcomes tracked toward the elimination of malnutrition in all its forms, one of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) targets.
An analytical framework is a helpful tool that enables users to create context-specific paths to investigate the impact of upcoming catastrophes by connecting the overall categories of food, health, social protection, education, water, and sanitation to the results and consequences of COVID-19 on nutrition. This tool offers policymakers and program personnel a potent and flexible way to strengthen nutrition programs in the wake of COVID-19 and upcoming shocks.
The analytical approach divides a variety of variables into numerous COVID-19 and nutrition-related categories and subcategories.
It has a condensed organizational structure with five overarching categories and a list of enabling, underlying, and immediate drivers that influence outcomes and impact.
Relevant elements can be divided into three subcategories under each category of determinants: contextual (enabling determinants), systemic (underlying determinants), and behavioral and nutritional status (immediate determinants).
The framework’s design also takes into account the broader environmental backdrop and the broad impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on the various categories and subcategories. The framework also acknowledges the significance of growing inequality and its impact on each element of the analytical framework.
The effects of a specific shock can be investigated by health care experts, community health workers, company owners, and policymakers by examining multiple contexts that grow into underlying factors. In addition, policymakers can use the interactive features of the visualizer to extend, collapse, build out their pathways and investigate the effects of particular shocks, such as a lockdown or supply chain disruption. The tool, known as the data mapping tool, enables users to obtain a pool of prospective data sources for the various aspects included in the framework.
This tool includes a data bank of regional, national, and international data sources that speak to the particular elements covered by the analytical framework. The tool can be used by stakeholders and decision-makers to identify current datasets and data gaps at the country level for quantitative modeling and analysis, supporting political strategies and decision-making.