The UN Network on Migration calls on Member States to recognize the opportunities to work toward sustainable, rights-based mitigation and adaptation to climate change in order to address human mobility (1) in this context and in accordance with the recommendations of the UNFCCC Task Force on Displacement on the occasion of the 27th Conference of the Parties(COP27). to the UNFCCC.
The United Nations Network calls on States to address and seek inclusive solutions for those who are most affected, including those who are remaining in place, moving domestically, and migrating internationally, while fully appreciating the role that migration plays in this context in terms of adaptation. This should be done in collaboration with relevant UN entities and all partners. Although some progress has already been made, much more needs to be done to fully integrate migration into adaptation strategies and policies for climate change.
As noted at COP26, there are still problems with forecasting and preparing for circumstances that could lead to mobility connected to climate change, and attempts to lessen and adapt to these effects, especially through resource mobilization, are insufficient.
The Network reiterates its call for States to develop inclusive climate change and migration policies and action plans that ensure migrants’ full and effective participation as right holders in accordance with the commitments made in the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly, and Regular Migration (GCM) and renewed in the Progress Declaration of the first International Migration Review Forum held in New York in May 2022. The Network also reminds States that they have a responsibility to uphold human rights commitments with regard to any legislation or policy that controls or directly affects human mobility in the context of climate change.
States can ensure that this goal is successfully attained by acknowledging the interdependence of the Paris Agreement, the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015–2030, the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, and the Global Compacts for Migration and Refugees, which should all be put into action concurrently and synergistically.
The Network calls on governments to strengthen support for countries and people affected by climate change by effectively mobilizing adequate finance to support climate action, including through investing in early warning systems and preparedness, and addressing the impacts of both economic and non-economic losses. To uphold human rights, strengthen migrant’s adaptive capacities, and harness the potential of climate mobility.
The network also exhorts stakeholders to facilitate a just transition to environmentally sustainable, green economies and societies, including by developing health systems that are climate resilient, fostering resilience and equitable development, and advancing social justice and the creation of decent work. The network also encourages stakeholders to take advantage of the skills and experiences of migrants, with the support of business, employers, trade unions, and workers organizations, and harness their contributions towards sustainable development.