An estimated 400 million people worldwide contract the dengue virus every year from mosquito bites. 100 million people are ill. Southeast Asia, the Western Pacific, the Eastern Mediterranean, the Americas, the Caribbean, and Africa have all had outbreaks.
Before we consider the steps to prevention, let’s look at the signs of dengue which comprise fever, headache, eye discomfort (typically behind the eyes), joint, bone, or muscle pain, rash, nausea and diarrhoea.
Visit a nearby clinic or emergency department right away if you or a family member exhibits any of these warning signs: stomach ache and/or discomfort
Vomiting (at least 3 times in 24 hours)
bleeding gums or from the nose
Blood in the stool or vomited blood
feeling worn out, restless, or aggravated.
In the prevention of Dengue, it is crucial to know that there is no medication to treat dengue.
Avoid getting bitten by mosquitoes to avoid infection.
Only children aged 9 to 16 who have laboratory-verified evidence of a prior infection with the dengue virus and who reside in dengue-prone areas of the United States are eligible to receive the dengue vaccine (U.S. territories of American Samoa, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands, and the freely associated states, including the Federated States of Micronesia, the Republic of Marshall Islands, and the Republic of Palau).
One can also prevent dengue by using insect repellents with one of the active components that have been registered by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) such as Picaridin DEET (known as KBR 3023 and icaridin outside the US), IR3535, lemon eucalyptus oil (OLE), para-menthane-diol (PMD) and 2-undecanone.
Additionally, put on long sleeves and permethrin-sprayed long pants. Buy clothes and equipment that has been treated with permethrin or apply 0.5% permethrin to goods like boots, pants, socks, and tents.
Take action to keep mosquitoes under control inside and outside your home.
Use screens on windows and doors, and lastly. To keep mosquitoes outside, patch up any holes in your screens.
Items that store water, such as tires, buckets, planters, toys, pools, birdbaths, flowerpots, or garbage cans, should be emptied and scrubbed, turned over, covered, or thrown away once each week. Check your home’s inside and outside. Near water, mosquitoes lay their eggs.