Families and caregivers face many difficulties when caring for a loved one who has dementia. Alzheimer’s disease and other dementias cause a progressive biological brain malfunction in dementia patients that makes it harder for people to recall things, think effectively, interact with others, and take care of themselves. Dementia can also alter a person’s personality and behavior, as well as produce mood swings.
There is no known treatment for the majority of dementia forms, however there are techniques to manage symptoms.
So, we will be looking at medications for managing dementia.
The following techniques are employed to momentarily lessen dementia symptoms.
These drugs, which include galantamine (Razadyne), rivastigmine (Exelon), and donepezil (Aricept), increase levels of a chemical messenger that is involved in memory and judgment.
These drugs may be recommended for different dementias, such as vascular dementia, Parkinson’s disease dementia, and Lewy body dementia, even though their primary usage is to treat Alzheimer’s disease.
Diarrhoea, vomiting, and nausea are possible side effects. Sleep difficulties, fainting, and a decreased heart rate are some more potential side effects.
Memantine (Namenda) functions by controlling the action of glutamate, a different chemical messenger important in mental processes, including memory and learning. Memantine may occasionally be administered along with a cholinesterase inhibitor.
Dizziness is a frequent adverse effect of memantine.
In order to treat other signs or conditions like agitation, hallucinations, parkinsonism, depression, or sleep issues, your doctor may prescribe medication.
Aside from medications as means of managing dementia, there are also therapies and we will be considering them in the next segment.
Non-drug methods could be used to treat a variety of dementia symptoms and behavioral issues, including:
We also have occupational medicine. Your home can be made safer by an occupational therapist, and they can also teach you coping mechanisms. The goal is to regulate behavior, stop mishaps like falls from happening, and get you ready for the growth of dementia.
Altering the surroundings
Someone with dementia may find it simpler to focus and function if there is less clutter and noise. Knives and car keys are two examples of items that you may need to conceal. You can be informed if the dementia patient wanders thanks to monitoring systems.
Lastly, on therapies, we have task simplification. Break projects down into manageable steps and concentrate on success rather than failure. Routine and structure also lessen confusion in dementia patients.
Taking care of families or loved ones with dementia can be very tasky. However, it is necessary to care for them because they are at their lowest and vulnerable state and they need our warmth and love.
Ensure you put the tips above into consideration and do not forget to consult an expert in case of any challenges.