Most asthmatic children can regulate their symptoms, sometimes even to the point where flare-ups are infrequent. The most challenging aspect of treating asthma, however, can be learning about it (including when to start medicines and which triggers to avoid).
Be not disheartened. As much as you can, find out about asthma, speak to people who have it, read up on it, and talk to your child’s doctor about any worries you have.
Asthma management will become a routine part of your life after you and your family have become used to it. These pointers might direct you in the proper direction.
The first thing to do is to make a plan to manage asthma in your kid and follow it. A plan for managing your child’s asthma should exist. These written instructions from the doctor provide precise, step-by-step instructions on how to take medications and when, identify and manage flare-ups when they occur, avoid triggers, and more. You will learn how to care for your child and when to call a doctor for assistance by adhering to this plan.
Then, as directed by the physician, take your medications. Most children with asthma must take medication. Some are long-term control medications that are taken daily to prevent airways from becoming inflamed. Others are only used in a flare-up to aid in clearing the airways (quick-relief medicines). The majority of medications require the use of an inhaler or nebulizer to assist deliver the medication into the lungs. Medicine is occasionally administered as a tablet or liquid. You’ll learn from the doctor the medications your child needs and how to administer them.
Identify the triggers and avoid them. Things called triggers can irritate airways and cause an asthma attack. Allergens including pollen and mold, climatic changes, and virus infections are typical triggers (like the common cold). It can take some detective work to identify your child’s triggers, but the effort is worthwhile. The doctor can also be of assistance; for example, if you believe your child’s allergies are exacerbating their asthma, the doctor may test them for allergies. When you are aware of your child’s triggers, try to steer them away from them as much as you can.
Make sure your youngster has an annual flu shot. Everyone under the age of 18 should get the flu shot, but asthmatic children in particular. Children who have asthma are more likely to experience flare-ups and become sicker with the flu.
Utilize tools as needed. Using tools for managing asthma, such as a peak flow meter and asthma diary, can assist determine whether a flare-up is imminent. The journal enables you to monitor your child’s asthma symptoms (when they occur), medication requirements, and more. Both you and your child’s doctor can benefit from knowing your child’s early warning signals and the effectiveness of treatment.
A peak flow meter is a portable device that gauges how well your child can exhale air. It can indicate whether your child is at risk for a flare-up and whether airways are becoming congested and clogged.
Recognize the symptoms of an attack. After your child has experienced a few flare-ups, you might begin to anticipate when one will occur. A flare-up may be detected by early warning indicators hours or even days before noticeable symptoms (such wheezing and coughing) appear. Children may experience changes in their appearance, temperament, or respiration, or they may express complaints about “feeling odd” in some way. Make sure you are aware of your child’s symptoms and prepared to provide or change medications as necessary.
Lastly, be aware of how to handle a significant flare-up. Understand when your child needs medical attention or perhaps a trip to the emergency department due to their symptoms (ER). Always keep painkillers on hand in case your child needs them; anyone who looks after your child (such as teachers and coaches) should also be aware of when and how to administer the medication.