There are four primary bacterial species that cause Lyme disease. In America, Lyme disease is primarily brought on by Borrelia burgdorferi and Borrelia mayonii, but in Europe and Asia, it is primarily brought on by Borrelia afzelii and Borrelia garinii. Lyme disease, the most prevalent tick-borne infection in these areas, is contracted by the bite of an infected black-legged tick.
If you reside in or frequently visit grassy, densely wooded areas where ticks that carry Lyme disease flourish, your risk of contracting the illness increases. In tick-infested locations, it’s crucial to exercise common sense caution.
Although our focus is on the prevention of contracting Lyme disease, we know a few people may not be familiar with the disease. That is why we are going to discuss the symptoms a little.
For starters, there are numerous Lyme disease symptoms and indicators. They often manifest in stages, however, the phases occasionally mix together.
At the location of a tick bite or tick removal, a small, red bump that resembles the bump of a mosquito bite frequently develops and goes away over the course of a few days. This typical event does not suggest Lyme illness.
However, signs and symptoms such as rash, fever, chills, lethargy, body pains, headache, stiff neck, and swollen lymph nodes can also appear within a month of infection.
Later indications and symptoms include neurological issues, joint pain, and erythema migrans.
We also have less common signs and symptoms, like an irregular heartbeat, eye inflammation, liver inflammation (hepatitis), and extreme weariness, which some individuals experience several weeks after infection and lead to cardiac problems.
Lyme disease, like every other disease, has causes, risk factors and complications. However, we are going to be considering the prevention technique.
Avoiding regions where deer ticks are common, particularly wooded, bushy areas with long grass, is the greatest approach to prevent Lyme disease. In addition, you can reduce your risk of contracting Lyme disease by taking the easy steps I’ll outline below:
Cover up. Wear shoes, long pants tucked into your socks, a long-sleeved shirt, a hat, and gloves while in grassy or forested regions.
Make use of bug repellents. DEET-containing insect repellent with a 20% concentration or higher should be applied to your skin.
Try to keep ticks out of your yard. Where ticks live, remove the bushes and leaves.
Ticks should be checked on your skin, clothing, children, and pets. After being in woodland or grassy regions, be extra cautious.
Do not presume that you are immune. Multiple cases of Lyme disease are possible.
Use tweezers as soon as possible to remove a tick. Hold the tick firmly around its mouth or head. Instead of squeezing or crushing the tick, draw slowly and gradually.
Consult a doctor if you believe a tick bit you and are experiencing symptoms. Once more, even if symptoms go away, you should still see a doctor.